The Orgion of the word
Scholars do not hold the same opinion concerning the origin of the word Ethiopia .We would mention three of the translations :
1. Greek Origin –this is the popular one . The scholars under this group claim that the word “Ethiopia “ came from the greek word “aithiopia” which actually is a combination of two words aitho- “I burn” and ops-“ face” . which would give us the aggregate meaning - coloured face people.
2. Egyptian Origin –Claimed by many modern writers.It is believed that the Greeks,though they are the ones who used it in a modified way ,borrowed the word from the Egyptians , and that as early as the Twelfth Dynasty the Egyptians knew the land under the name Ksh, or Kshi. And then these scholars select a specific form of the word with aleph prefix-“ ethosh” making it the valid origin word.
3. Arabic Origin- they uphold the idea that the word “Ethiopia ” originated from the plural form of Arabic word “Tib”-“ atyab” the meaning of which is “Spices ”or “perfumes ”
Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. What are believed to be the oldest remains of a human ancestor ever found, which have been dated as being some five million years old, were discovered in the Awash Valley in Ethiopia. This beats the discovery of "Lucy", a 3.2 million year old skeleton, who was unearthed in the same area in 1974.
The vegetation of Ethiopia is divided into eight major types.
Desert and semi-desert scrubland:
This vegetation type is characterized by draught tolerant plants. These include small trees and shrubs of species of Acacia. Commiphora, Boscia, Cadaba, Maerua and Zizyphus, succulent species of Euphorbia and Aloe, and grass species such as Dactyloctenium aegyptium and Panicum turgidum. These areas are very dry. The soils are alluvial and hence they are vulnerable to wind and water erosion. Because water is a scarce resource in such areas, the areas around watering points can be devoid of vegetation.
The Ethiopian economy is dominated by peasant agriculture, with the agricultural sector contributing about 50 percent to the total GDP, accounting for 85 percent of export and total employment. The country's export is highly dependent on a single crop; coffee which generat nearly 60 percent of the foreign exchange earnings.
Officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the country is located a few degrees north of the equator.As a result of which it is widely known as the land of 13 months of sunshine. But the high plateau and mountain ranges compensate the heat granting it another widely known nick name –the Land of Perennial Spring. Ethiopia shares boarders with Somalia in the East (longest, more than 1600 kms), Eritrea in the north (910 Kms ), Djibouti in the northeast (340 Kms ), Kenya in the south (830 Kms ),and the Sudan in the west (1600 Kms ).